Summary of EMERGENCY OXYGEN
ADMINISTRATION from the 2005 American Heart Association Guidelines for CPR
Part 4: Basic Life Support (BLS) recognition of signs of sudden
cardiac arrest (SCA), heart attack, stroke, and foreign-body airway obstruction (FBAO); cardiopulmonary
resuscitation (CPR); and defibrillation with an automated external defibrillator (AED) … for lay rescuers and
Resuscitation masks with supplemental oxygen greatly increase the concentration of oxygen that a victim
During CPR the purpose of ventilation is to maintain adequate oxygenation …. therefore, both ventilations and
compressions are important for victims of prolonged ventricular fibrillation SCA, when oxygen in the blood is
Ventilations and compressions are also important for victims of asphyxial arrest, such as
children and drowning victims who are hypoxemic at the time of cardiac arrest. Mouth-to-Mask Rescue Breathing
and Bag-Mask Ventilation – Masks should include an oxygen inlet.
.… use supplemental oxygen … at a flow rate of 10 to 12
… to enable delivery of 100%
…and the FDA
regulation minimum capability of 6 LPM remains in effect.
LIFE® 612™ models deliver both the FDA minimum of 6 LPM and the AHA
recommended 100% inspired oxygen at 12 LPM, in just two simple settings that read “NORM” &
“HIGH”. “More is better (HIGH), but less lasts longer (NORM)”
Only LIFE Corporation offers the 6 & 12 LPM (“NORM & HIGH”) simple 2 flow-rate
7.1: Adjuncts for Airway Control and Ventilation - recommendations for the support of ventilation and
oxygenation during resuscitation and the periarrest period. The purpose of ventilation during CPR is to maintain
adequate oxygenation and elimination of carbon dioxide. To improve sufficient oxygenation,
.… give 100% inspired oxygen during Basic Life Support (BLS)
… and Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) … as soon as it becomes
inspired oxygen tension will tend to maximize arterial oxygen saturation and, in turn, arterial oxygen
content. This will help support oxygen delivery when cardiac output is limited.
●.… short term oxygen therapy does
not produce oxygen toxicity (& no fear of suppressing
respiration) Bag-Mask Ventilation requires adequate training and frequent practice, can produce gastric
inflation with complications, including regurgitation, aspiration, pneumonia …and can decrease
respiration. Advanced Airway endotracheal tube interventions are complicated, failure can occur …and there
is no evidence that advanced airway measures improve survival rates in pre-hospital cardiac arrest.
7.5: Post-Resuscitation Support - the provider should support adequate airway and breathing and …administer supplemental oxygen …
9: Adult Stroke … several studies showing improved functional outcomes and survival in which higher
supplementary oxygen concentrations were used …administer supplemental oxygen to hypoxemic stroke patients and
those with unknown oxygen saturation.
10.5: Near-Fatal Asthma - Primary Therapy – Oxygen
Provide oxygen to all patients
with severe asthma, even those with normal oxygenation.
10.6: Anaphylaxis – Intervention to Prevent Cardiopulmonary Arrest
… administer oxygen at high flow
We are proud that our
design evolutions over the past 20 years maintain our superiority in
providing products that have met the AHA Guidelines of 1986, 1992, 2000, and